Publication Utrecht University
Thomas O. Eschemann, Wouter S. Lamme, Rene L. Manchester, Tanja E. Parmentier, Andrea Cognigni, Magnus Rønning, Krijn P. de Jong, Journal of Catalysis 2015, Volume 328, 130-138.
We report the preparation of supported cobalt catalysts (9 wt% Co) on untreated (CNT) and surface-oxidized (CNT-ox) carbon nanotube materials by incipient wetness impregnation with solutions of cobalt nitrate in water, ethanol, or 1-propanol. The results show that by a judicious selection of solvent and drying method, similar cobalt oxide particle sizes in the range of 4–5 nm on CNT and CNT-ox materials were obtained for the fresh catalysts. Cobalt particles supported on unfunctionalized CNT showed higher initial activities and C5+-selectivities than catalysts on functionalized CNT; however, the former catalysts were more prone to cobalt particle growth due to the lack of anchoring sites. The activities and cobalt particle sizes of catalysts after 60 h on stream revealed for particles larger than 6 nm a turnover frequencies (TOF) of 0.07 s−1 for Co/CNT and 0.03 s−1 for Co/CNT-ox. In situ XAS/XRPD studies showed a similar degree of reduction for the catalysts on untreated and oxidized CNT and the formation of hcp cobalt metal on untreated CNT which rationalizes the higher activity and TOF of the Co/CNT catalysts.